Metal fabrication is a process that is common especially in the construction and manufacturing industry. During metal fabrication, raw materials are simply converted into processed products that are utilized in construction of bridges, machines as well as buildings. Structural steel is one of the metals that is widely used during fabrication since it is flexible, durable, tensile as well as affordable. Steel fabrication makes use of a variety of fabrication processes in order to make steel sections. Some of these processes include cutting, folding, machining, punching, shearing, stamping as well as welding. During metal fabrication, the first stage is cutting. Here, a saw, plasma torch, water jet and lasers are used to cut steel. Other cutting techniques used include chiseling, numerical control as well as shearing.
Press brake is used during folding. Certain steel sections are made through bending or folding of steel. In order to bend the piece of metal into a shape or form that you desire, you have to air-bend it. In order to form a crease on the metal sheet, the press brake used has a set of dies within it that pinch the steel metal forming the crease. In order for the designer to acquire the desired metal shape they are in need of, unwanted materials are removed from the structural steel through machining. During this process, the metal designer can either choose to use a rotating cutting tool on a stationary metal piece or rotate the metal piece against a tool used for cutting.
During punching, a metal piece is punched by the use of a punch press in order to create a hole in it. One should ensure that the die and punch are of the same shape for the hole shape to be perfect on the metal. The process of die cutting or shearing is done in order to cut straight lines onto a flat metal stock. A die is used in stamping with a portion of the metal raised. During welding, there are two metal sheets that are attached in order to make a larger structure. Metal designers use different techniques during welding which depend on the design of the metal structure and the metal itself.
Metal fabrication is very beneficial as it helps strengthen the quality of the metal. Strengthening steel helps to make it more suitable for construction projects. Steel fabrication also comes in handy for use in energy sector projects. Clients usually offer their specifications to metal designers in order to get their desired metal. Since it is more affordable, most clients prefer working with fabricated steel. The process of fabricating structural steel is very cost-effective making it favorable.
Besides manufacturing and construction, structural steel is also used in sectors such as oil and gas, infrastructure and transport.